4) Find the Right Background
A good background can make all the difference. If the area behind your focal point is bright and distracting, the main subject will be lost.
To use something darker, however, will allow this same subject to really pop out of the frame. This is not overly technical, rather one of those techniques that helps photographers develop their eye. The actual background doesn’t have to be black.
In fact, heavy shade is the perfect way to get started. The trick is to find a subject in bright sun while the area behind it lies in shadow. By exposing for the main subject, everything else becomes darker.
5) Get Down
Walking up to an animal in the wild usually causes it to flee in fear. By crawling, you become far less threatening. Working from this bug’s eye perspective, the photo also gives more revealing portrayal of their habitat.
To add more impact, use a wide aperture like f/2.8. This will turn foreground elements such as grass and flowers into soft washes of color.