9. The Great Bath of Indus Valley Civilization
One of the most captivating things about the Indus valley civilization is that the largest built structure by them wasn’t any temple or monumental building, which is commonly seen in contemporary civilizations like Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, instead it was a public bath in Mohanjo-Daro named The great bath.
The 11×7 meters bath had the depth of around 2.5m. It had two wide staircases from north and south that served as the entry to the pool. A hole was also found at the end of the bath, which might have been used to drain water into it. The floor and walls of pool was water tight due to finely fitted bricks and the mud laid with gypsum plaster. The sides and the floor of the pool were covered with a thick layer of waterproof tar.
Although the exact purpose of the great bath is still much debated. But most scholars believe that it was built for religious purposes, a kind of ritual which is still practiced today in India, but mostly among Hindus, Jains and Buddhists. Indus valley people may have believed that the water purify and renew the soul of bather.